The department undertakes research programs to review and inform policy.

Many research reports are publically available:

The Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) is a research program funded by the department that follows young Australians over a 10-year period, as they move from secondary school to adulthood.

The National Youth Affairs Research Scheme was a cooperative funding program between the Australian Government and state and territory governments between 1985 and 2016.

On 1 December 2017, the Australian Government released the report The economic impact of improving schooling quality, prepared by Deloitte Access Economics.