Teaching and School Leadership

An effective classroom teacher is critical to the future of young Australians. Research shows that teachers have the greatest in-school influence on student engagement and achievement. School leadership is second.

The Australian Government appreciates the complex role of the teaching profession and the significant responsibility teachers have in preparing children to lead successful and productive lives. Along with the Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL), the Government is committed to improving the quality and status of teachers.

Significant progress has been made on implementing the Government 's response to the recommendations of the Teacher Education Ministerial Advisory Group report, Action Now – Classroom Ready Teachers. This includes the Literacy and Numeracy Test for Initial Teacher Education Students.

The Australian Professional Standards for Teachers (the teacher standards) and the Australian Professional Standard for Principals (the principal standard) have also been important milestones in defining what quality means in the profession.

All states and territories now require teachers to meet teacher standards to be able to register, with some referencing the teacher standards in the professional learning requirements for teachers, and others linking salary to the certification of teachers at the Highly Accomplished and Lead Teacher.

The Government supports alternative pathways including through the recently announced High Achieving Teachers Program. Alternative pathways broaden the entry points into teaching and can help spread quality teachers across the system by placing them in schools that need them most. Providers selected under the High Achieving Teachers Program will recruit, select and place participants into schools in response to identified teacher workforce challenges. Alternative pathways into teaching include the Teach for Australia program.

School leadership

School leaders are working in increasingly complex and challenging environments. The role of the school principal has changed significantly over the past 20 years. As part of the Australian Government 's commitment to support school leaders throughout their careers, AITSL has been asked to develop a national school leadership development framework. This framework will provide national consistency in getting new principals ready for the job and through a new national pre-appointment principal certification process.


To address teacher shortages and areas of need, the Australian Government also undertakes research and develops policy.

While some teacher workforce data is available, the Teacher Education Ministerial Advisory Group report recommended better data collection at the national level. The Australian Teacher Workforce Data  (ATWD) collection will provide the first ever national, whole-of-life picture of the teacher workforce, from those entering initial teacher education through to retirement.

It is increasingly important to improve our understanding of the impact teachers can have on student outcomes and how they can use this information to improve their teaching. The Government commissioned two pieces of research—Teacher Effectiveness Systems, Frameworks and Measures: A Review and Investigating the Key Characteristics of Effective Teachers: A Systematic Review to build understanding of approaches to teacher evaluation.