The NAP includes all assessments endorsed by Australian Education Ministers, including:
- the National Assessment Program - Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN),
- three-yearly NAP sample assessments (science literacy, civics and citizenship, and information and communication technology (ICT) literacy),
- three international sample assessments: the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS).
The Australian Government and state and territory governments have endorsed these assessments as part of their ongoing commitment to undertaking national and international comparisons of education approaches and student performance. Nationally comparable data about student performance enables governments to assess how Australian students are performing relative to their peers and determine where improvements need to be made based on evidence. Both international and national assessments provide the big picture of the Australian education system.
The Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) manages the development and delivery of NAPLAN and NAP sample assessments in collaboration with Test Administration Authorities in states and territories. The Australian Government Department of Education and Training manages the international NAP sample assessments on behalf of all states and territories. The Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) is currently engaged as the National Project Manager for each of the international assessments.