Under constitutional arrangements, state and territory governments are responsible for ensuring the delivery and regulation of schooling to all children of school age in their jurisdictions. State and territory governments provide most of the school education funding in Australia, which is administered under their own legislation. They determine curriculums, register schools, regulate school activities and are directly responsible for the administration of government schools. They also provide support services used by both government and non-government schools. Non-government schools operate under conditions determined by state and territory government registration authorities. States and territories are also the major funder of schools, providing around 66 per cent of total public funding in 2014.
Government schools receive the majority of their public funding from their state or territory government, with the Australian Government providing supplementary funding.
Non-government schools receive the majority of their public funding from the Australian Government with state and territory governments providing supplementary funding.