Child Swapping

'Child swapping' is the practice where a Family Day Care educator, or their partner, receives child care payments from the Government for a session of Family Day Care provided to their child on the same day that they themselves provide Family Day Care for another child.

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In other words, some Family Day Care operators were 'swapping' their children between each other to receive child care payments from the Government.

Child swapping goes against the intention of child care payments. So, the Australian Government made changes to the law to end the practice, to make the child care fee assistance system fairer.

The changes applied from 12 October 2015, with further changes applied from 13 March 2017. They affected approved Family Day Care services and individuals entitled to child care fee assistance payments who were child swapping.

Child swapping is not permitted under the Family Assistance Law. Specific requirements for Family Day Care services, including restrictions for relative care, are included in the Minister’s Rules, which are located here:

This is an important step in the Government's strategy to address non-compliance and improve practice in the sector. It improves integrity and transparency, strengthens child safety, and applies conditions consistently across the states and the Commonwealth.