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Who is 'the individual' responsible for the child's care?

This Handbook refers to 'the individual' - meaning the person who is responsible for a child's care and liable to pay child care fees. They may be the adult legally responsible for the child's care, or their partner.

In many cases, 'the individual' is the child's parent. However, the individual may be another adult who is legally responsible for the day-to-day care, welfare and development of the child. They could be the partner of the child's parent, an adoptive or foster parent, a grandparent or other relative of the child.

One or more individuals may be responsible for the child's care and liable to pay the child care fees.

If a third party - such as the state, an employer or other organisation - is liable for all or part of the child's child care fees, there is no Child Care Subsidy or Additional Child Care Subsidy payable for the part of the fees for which the organisation is liable. Only individuals can be eligible for these subsidies.

When 'the individual' is the child's grandparent

In cases where 'the individual' is the child's grandparent, they may be eligible for and receive Child Care Subsidy or Additional Child Care Subsidy (grandparent).

Child Care Subsidy can support:

  • grandparent principal carers not on income support
  • grandparents who are not principal carers of their grandchildren, but have regular or shared care of the child (that is, they care for them between 14 and 64 per cent of the time).

For more information about Child Care Subsidy eligibility and entitlements, see Grandparent carers.

Additional Child Care Subsidy (grandparent) can provide increased support where the grandparent is the principal caregiver of their grandchildren and is on income support. For more information, see Additional Child Care Subsidy (grandparent). Eligible grandparents need to apply directly to Centrelink for this additional support.