Capacity to Contribute scores for non-government schools for 2020

From 2020, a new Direct Measure of Income (DMI) of capacity to contribute (CTC) will replace the previous area-based socio-economic status (SES) score measure to determine the CTC for most non-government schools1.

New Capacity to contribute (CTC) scores for non-government schools for 2020

A CTC score is a measure of a non-government school community’s capacity to contribute to the ongoing costs of running the school. A school’s CTC percentage affects the amount of base recurrent funding the school attracts from the Commonwealth Government under the Australian Education Act 2013 (the Act).

The Direct Measure of Income (DMI) is based on the median income of parents or guardians of students at a non-government school. More information about how the DMI is calculated can be found in the DMI fact sheet.

To support a smooth transition to the new DMI, in 2020 and 2021 schools will have their funding based on either their 2011 Census SES score, their 2016 Census SES score or their DMI score - whichever is best for them financially.

The new direct measure will apply to all schools by 2022.

CTC scores for 2020 can be viewed in the Non-government schools’ 2020 CTC scores table.

For the majority of schools, the Minister for Education (or delegate of the Minister) has determined 2020 CTC scores in accordance with the Australian Education Regulation 2013 (the Regulation); and made a determination under subsection 52(1) under the Australian Education Act (the Act).

However, for a small number of schools, the Minister (or delegate) has found that making a determination in accordance with the Regulation would result in a CTC score that does not accurately reflect the capacity of the students’ parents and guardians to contribute financially to the school’s operation. For these schools, the Minister (or delegate) has determined a CTC score, not calculated in accordance with the Regulation, consistent subsection 52(4) of the Act.

The Non-government schools’ CTC scores table provides information on why a school’s final CTC score may differ from the score under the Regulation.

Further information

Further information on the DMI process, the DMI methodology and the CTC review process is available on the Quality Schools page.


1 CTC does not apply to government schools, non-government special schools or special assistance schools, non-government Majority Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander schools, or non-government sole-provider schools.